Red phosphorus is also the major ingredient in mortar rounds used to generate smoke. The bomb is approved for use with both proximity and point detonating fuzes. The Bulletin, Land UK's customer newsletter - Winter 2018/9 edition, Fifth Astute class submarine named Anson at Barrow-in-Furness, U.S. Marine Corps awards $184 million contract for full-rate production of the Amphibious Combat Vehicle following IOC declaration, BAE Systems named one of the "Top Workplaces" in Utah for third consecutive year, Top environmental issues at a local level, How do we factor product stewardship into our products lifecycle, California Transparency in Supply Chain Act, Range - 5,375m (when fired from either a ground or vehicle mount). Used to illuminate, signal, and mark. White phosphorus munitions are weapons which use one of the common allotropes of the chemical element phosphorus.White phosphorus is used in smoke, illumination and incendiary munitions, and is commonly the burning element of tracer ammunition. Filling : Approx 150-400g of high explosive or 350 grams of White/Red Phosphorus. General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems – Canada (GD-OTS – Canada) manufactures five different types of 81mm Mortar rounds. The wide arc of light provided by the illuminating L54A1 variant gives troops optimum time to spot hostile forces. Designed for air burst, its payload of RP pellets is dispersed uniformly over a wide area, thereby reducing the risk of local and/or low smoke generation common with point detonating smoke bombs impacting soft ground. 81 MM ILL-VIS Mk5. The propelling system is the same as that for the HE C70A2 cartridge, consisting of six, equal increment charges fitted around a tail boom. We have a fully development mortar guidance system which uses GPS and fins built into the fuze to provide two-dimensional course correction. Phosphorus after this treatment exists as an amorphous network of atoms which reduces strain and gives greater stability; further heating results in the red phosphorus becoming crystalline. Left: Canadian Soldier sites an 81mm mortar. White phosphorus is believed to have been first used by Fenian arsonists in the 19th century in the form of a solution in carbon disulfide. Red phosphorus, a relatively stable allotrope of phosphorus, has many uses. AIA/NAS : Aerospace Industries Association. It was created in response to an operational requirements identified by serving forces and continues to be in service with the British Army. For example, it's a component of fireworks, flares and matches; it's used to dope silicon; and it's a plant fertilizer. Red phosphorus used in the fire retardants handled by Rin Kagaku Kogyo. The propelling charge system is the same as that for the HE C70A2 cartridge, consisting of six, equal increment charges fitted around a tail boom. MIL70550-PELLET, RED PHOSPHORUS, FOR MORTAR CARTRIDGE 81MM SMOKE, RP, M819-This specification covers requirements and quality assurance provisions for a smoke p Chapter 2 Mortar Equipment and Employment ... M252/M252A1 81-mm mortar smoke, white phosphorus, and red phosphorous rounds ..... A-15 Table A-9 ... M120 and M121 120-mm mortar smoke, white phosphorus rounds .....A-19 Table A-13. Red phosphorus is a highly combustible hazardous material, but this page explains the mechanism whereby mixing a small amount of red phosphorus with flammable resin (such as plastic) makes the resin less likely to combust. In addition, the red phosphorus compositions known to date produce very toxic and mutagenic reaction products from their mixed compositions. The red phosphorus smoke varient gives longer lasting and more effective smoke production with lower toxicity that white phosphorus. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) PELLET, RED PHOSPHORUS, FOR MORTAR CARTRIDGE. 105mm Tank  Training Practice (TP). It uses 36 pellets that disperse and sit above ground giving a smokescreen over a wider area. It is based on an air burst, split body design is in service with armed forces throughout the world. Used to screen, signal, and act as an incendiary. This work is devoted to the investigation of the resistance of geopolymer cement (GC) mortar based on mixture of red clay brick waste (RCBW) and phosp… Effective smoke area - 120 secs; Range - 5,375m 120517-Z-PP889-028 Spc. –. All rights reserved. These include: By using IM, troops using mortar bombs will be subject to a much lower risk of enemy fire triggering an explosive chain reaction in mortar bomb stockpiles. –, The 81mm Illuminating (ILL) C105 mortar cartridge is in service with the Canadian Army since the mid 90’s. 105mm Artillery Call to arms. Effective smoke area - 120 secs; Range - 5,375m What is a Rocket: Rockets being prepared to be fired towards Southern Israel. The round is just now exiting the tube. B. Mode of Dissemination. This variant is in service with Armed Forces around the world. Right: Canadian soldier holds a prepared 81mm mortar round as his crew lays in the mortar prior to firing. This variant is in service with Armed Forces around the world. Copyright © 1995 - 2020 General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems - Canada. TIA : Telecommunications Industry Association. Used to illuminate, signal, and mark. When the carbon disulfide evaporated, the phosphorus would burst into flames, and probably also ignite the highly flammable carbon disulfide fumes. The 81 mm Bedding C120 mortar cartridge is a cost effective solution to firmly bed mortars on various types of grounds. Police raided her home in Bo'ness, West Lothian, after US investigators found they were selling red phosphorus online. All Rights Reserved. 81MM SMOKE, RP, M819. The M819 Smoke Cartridge is designed for use with the M252 81mm Mortar System for producing an obscuring smoke screen. Illumination. Phosphorus exists in three forms in nature: (i) White phosphorus used as firecrackers, (ii) red phosphorus used in matches, and (iii) black phosphorus obtained by phase transformation of white phosphorus or red phosphorous at high temperature and pressure. You can obtain it by boiling urine with carbon or by reacting bone-ash with sulfuric acid and carbon. Its payload breaks up on firing resulting in almost no signature that could be detected by enemy counter-battery radars. red phosphorus phosphorus white white smoke smoke Prior art date 1970-01-08 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. (Army National Guard photo/Spc. 57mm/L70 Ammunition Serious environmental pollution issues caused by the storage and exposure of large amounts of red mud (RM) and yellow phosphorus slag (YPS) have raised significant concerns. The mortar body is manufactured from special cast iron and uses the well-proven DM111A4 fuze. The Mortar Sight A06 is used for the indirect aiming of M8 mortar in azimuth and elevation and it consists of a mechanical aiming device with precise elevation and azimuth adjustment means by worm gear for ... Filler Red phosphorus Terminal effect Smoke generation. The white phosphorus smoke varient has a strong track record on the battlefield, delivered with high accuracy and producing a dense white smokescreen. The C120 cartridge may also be used effectively as a training round. For Spec Ops: The Line on the Xbox 360, a GameFAQs message board topic titled "White Phosphorus Mortar". by all Departments and Agencies for the Department of Defense. Red phosphorus may be formed by heating white phosphorus to 300 °C (572 °F) in the absence of air or by exposing white phosphorus to sunlight.Red phosphorus exists as an amorphous network. It achieves ranges from 300 - 7200 meters with the M120/M121 Battalion Mortar System. Videos 1 … 1.1 Scope. The M819 Smoke Cartridge is designed for use with the M252 81mm Mortar System for producing an obscuring smoke screen. RP is much less reactive with air than WP and is also very insoluble in water. Training items are completely inert. 1.5m members in the youtubehaiku community. Red phosphorus does not react spontaneously in the air, and so, it is much safer than white phosphorus. This highly reliable seal helps improve flight characteristics as well as provides increased range and reduced dispersion. Fireworks supplies, pyrotechnic chemicals, fireworks fuse, fireworks shells parts, rocket tubes and wedding sparklers shipped to you same day. This provides for a very accurate aiming of the following HE rounds fired for effect. Training Practice (TP). Copyright © 2020 BAE Systems. By exfoliating layered black phosphorus using the same method applied to obtain graphene from graphite, 2D black phosphorus … It uses 36 pellets that disperse and sit above ground giving a smokescreen over a wider area. Red phosphorus cartridges (M252 only) are stored the same as HE cartridges. The red phosphorus smoke varient gives longer lasting and more effective smoke production with lower toxicity that white phosphorus. WARNING When firing HE ammunition less than 400 meters, personnel must have adequate cover for protection from fragments. 155mm Artillery. The red phosphorus smoke varient gives longer lasting and more effective smoke production with lower toxicity that white phosphorus. This mixture was known as \"Fenian fire\" and allegedly was used by disgruntled itinerant workers in Australia to cause delayed destru… They can be used in a range of mortar weapon systems and deliver consistent high performance. The body uses a polycarbonate sealing ring which expands and seals under gas pressure. Since red phosphorus is not manufactured by the Army but is obtained commercially from sources abroad, production wastes are not a problem in this country [13]. Used to screen, signal, and act as an incendiary. Our variants include: The High Explosive 81mm mortar bomb L41 series is fitted with the Mk4 Charge System and employ a spheroidal cast iron bomb body, which combined with a high energy explosive filling, provides optimised fragmentation. The propelling system is the same as that of the HE C70A2 consisting of six, equal increment charges fitted around a tail boom. The M819 is equipped with the M772 Mechanical Time Fuze which functions at a user-specified time after launch. Red phosphorus compositions of the art have a burning time of 210 seconds, however a burning time of 600 seconds is required. Smoke, Red Phosphorus (RPS) C146 The 81 mm Smoke, Red Phosphorous (RPS) C146 mortar cartridge is in service with the Canadian Army for the last ten years. We offer a range of 81mm mortar bomb variants which deliver a battle-proven area effect for the British Army and other armed forces around the world. SCOPE. Other common names include WP and the slang term "Willie Pete" or "Willie Peter" derived from William Peter, the World War II phonetic alphabet for … Smoke: Includes both Red Phosphorus & White Phosphorus, which are Used to screen, signal, and act as an incendiary. This specification is approved for use within the US Army. 120mm Tank  It uses 36 pellets that disperse and sit above ground giving a smokescreen over a wider area. It can be transported in the same plastic container as that of the HE C70A2. Armament Munitions and Chemical Command, and is available for use. The NATO standard fuze cavity allows interchangability of fuzes and interoperability with other NATO forces. DIN : Deutsches Institut fur Normung E.V. This grounded red phosphorus was dispersed in … Our dedicated engineering team is developing several improvements to our mortar bombs to increase effectiveness and operational safety for users. Nominal Maximum Range to Burst: 5,250 m (from L16A1 or similar mortars). This varient offers troops the ability to see the battlespace clearly illuminated through night vision equipment without giving away position to the enemy. Practice items may or may not contain explosive sections such as propellant charges or spotting charges. Illumination. 84mm Ammunition Red phosphorus may be formed by heating white phosphorus to 250°C (482°F) or by exposing white phosphorus to sunlight. Terminal effect Luminosity: 950 000 cd The latter mainly precludes their use in screening operation. The projectile is loaded with red phosphorus pellets which are ignited and ejected from the projectile body. The High Explosive (HE) – the Illuminating (ILL) – the Smoke, Red Phosphorous (RPS) – the Bedding C120. The 81mm High Explosive (HE) C70A2 mortar cartridge is the Canadian version of the British HE L41 series. 1. High purity amorphous red phosphorus was obtained from Sigma-Aldrich (figure 5(a)). It is a reddish solid that can be a finely powdered or a massively formed material. Smoke duration: 120 sec. XM929/XM929E1 120mm Mortar Smoke (White Phosphorus) Cartridge The XM929/XM929E1, smoke is a 120mm mortar cartridge which utilizes White Phosphorus (WP) impregnated felt payload to provide obscuration screening on impact. The arsenal is producing the 81mm red phosphorus mortar round, the 60mm white phosphorus mortar round and the 155mm white phosphorus projectile. The tubular aluminum-alloy bomb body consists of front and rear sections that separate when the MTSQ DM93 time fuze functions. –, The 81 mm Smoke, Red Phosphorous (RPS) C146 mortar cartridge is in service with the Canadian Army for the last ten years. 2.5k votes, 113 comments. YoutubeHaiku: A place to share the best videos UNDER 30 seconds! In that use, it is combined with sodium nitrate and an epoxy binder in a ratio of 80:14:6 parts by weight, respectively. This variant is in service with Armed Forces around the world. Average Illuminating Intensity: 900,000 candelas for minimum of 35 s. Effective Smoke Emission: > 2 min (all climatic conditions). Identification : o Projectiles are typically steel with aluminium fins. Estevan Martinez with California Army National Guard’s 1st Battalion, 184th Infantry (Light), fires an 81-millimeter red phosphorus round from a mortar cannon during a field training exercise May 17 at the National Training Center in Fort Irwin, Calif. Red Phosphorus (RP), White Phosphorus (WP). Expired - Lifetime Application number Inventor Bernard E Douda Roscoe D Dwiggins We are testing preformed fragmentation in mortar bombs, creating the potential to increase the area effect and offesenive capability of the bomb. Summary: The flame retardant mechanisms of red phosphorus, magnesium hydroxide and red phosphorus combined with magnesium hydroxide were studied in high impact polystyrene by means of comprehensive decomposition studies and combustion tests. Upon further heating, the amorphous red phosphorus crystallizes. However, blending and filling operations for red phosphorus munitions, as well as their testing, take place at Pine Bluff Arsenal (PBA), Arkansas. The study is intended to illuminate prerequisites and the potential of red phosphorus as a fire retardant for hydrocarbon polymers in the … Smoke. Typically, 6 mg of red phosphorus was grounded in agate mortar ((figure 5(b)) Fisher Scientific) in order to improve the dispersion. Red Phosphorus (RP), White Phosphorus (WP). Designed for air burst, its payload of RP pellets is dispersed uniformly over a wide area, thereby reducing the risk of local and/or low smoke generation common with point detonating smoke bombs impacting soft ground. 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Massively formed material flammable carbon disulfide evaporated, the amorphous red phosphorus was obtained from Sigma-Aldrich ( figure 5 a... Of phosphorus, a GameFAQs message board topic titled `` white phosphorus projectile Approx 150-400g of high explosive or grams! Response to an operational requirements identified by serving forces and continues to be in with. Phosphorus smoke varient has a strong track record on the Xbox 360, a GameFAQs message topic. Being prepared to be in service with Armed forces around the world mortar bombs to increase and... Fitted around a tail boom reaction products from their mixed compositions a user-specified after.